Philistine

['fɪlɪstʌɪn]
noun
1》 a member of a non-Semitic people of ancient Palestine who came into conflict with the Israelites.
2》 (philistine) a person who is hostile or indifferent to culture and the arts.
Derivatives
philistinism -stɪnɪz(ə)m noun
Word History
What is the connection between uncultured philistines and the Philistines of biblical times, who came into conflict with the Israelites and from whom Palestine took its name? The sense 'person hostile or indifferent to culture' arose in the 19th century as a result of a confrontation between townspeople and members of the university of Jena, Germany, in the late 17th century. A sermon on the conflict quoted the phrase ‘the Philistines are upon you’ (Book of Judges, chapter 16), which led to an association between the townspeople and those hostile to culture.

English new terms dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • philistine — (n.) person deficient in liberal culture, 1827, originally in Carlyle, popularized by him and Matthew Arnold, from Ger. Philister enemy of God s word, lit. Philistine, inhabitants of a Biblical land, neighbors (and enemies) of Israel (see… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Philistine — A Philistine (with a capital initial letter) is a member of an ancient Semitic people of Palestine. A philistine (with a small initial letter, usually) is a person who is hostile or indifferent to culture …   Modern English usage

  • Philistine — ► NOUN 1) a member of a people of ancient Palestine who came into conflict with the Israelites. 2) (philistine) a person who is hostile or indifferent to culture and the arts. DERIVATIVES philistinism noun. ORIGIN Greek Philistinos, from Hebrew …   English terms dictionary

  • Philistine — Phi*lis tine, n. [L. Philistinus, Heb. Phlishth[=i], pl. Phlishth[=i]m.] 1. A native or an inhabitant of ancient Philistia, a coast region of southern Palestine. [1913 Webster] 2. A bailiff. [Cant, Eng.] [Obs.] Swift. [1913 Webster] 3. A person… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Philistine — Phi*lis tine, a. 1. Of or pertaining to the Philistines. [1913 Webster] 2. Uncultured; commonplace. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • philistine — I noun artless person, conformist, conventionalist, nouveau riche, social climber, traditionalist II index ordinary Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Philistine — n in the Bible, a member of a race of people who lived in Palestine, and who were the enemies of the ↑Israelites …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Philistine — O.T. people of coastal Palestine, who made war on the Israelites, mid 14c., from O.Fr. Philistin, from L.L. Philistinus, from Late Gk. Philistinoi, from Heb. P lishtim, people of P lesheth ( Philistia ); Cf. Akkad. Palastu, Egyptian Palusata; the …   Etymology dictionary

  • philistine — n *obscurantist, barbarian …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Philistine — [fil′i stēn΄, fil′istīn΄; fi lis′tin, fi lis′tēn΄] n. [ME < LL(Ec) Philistinus, usually pl. Philistini < LGr (Josephus) philistinoi < Heb p lishtim; akin to PALESTINE] 1. a member of a non Semitic people that lived in Philistia and… …   English World dictionary

  • Philistine — Phil·is·tine (fĭl’ĭ stēn′, fĭ lĭs’tĭn, tēn′) n. 1) A member of a people, perhaps of Aegean origin, who settled ancient Philistia around the 12th century BC. 2) often philistine A person who is smugly indifferent or hostile to art and culture. adj …   Word Histories

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